About Breathing Problems (COPD and Asthma)

For some people, breathing trouble can be a sign that an issue with your lungs is keeping them from working like they should. Unlike people who get a little out of breathe after a burst of exercise, people with a lung disease may feel breathless even with very little activity.
There are two kinds of lung problems that can cause breathing trouble. Sometimes, the lungs get stiff and it takes more work for them to expand when you breathe in. In other cases, the airways of the lungs become narrow. That makes it hard for air to leave the lungs. And when too much air stays in the lungs, you may feel short of breath.

Lung Problems That Affect Your Breathing

Asthma is a long-term disease that makes your airways swollen, inflamed, and narrow, so it’s hard to move air in and out of your lungs. Along with feeling short of breath, you may also wheeze, which means you make a whistle sound when you breathe. There is no cure for asthma, but treatment can help a lot. It’s important to treat symptoms when you first notice them. That means getting to the doctor.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may make you feel like your chest is so tight you can’t breathe. Like asthma, it can make you wheeze, too. You may cough and bring up sticky, slimy mucus. There is no cure for COPD, but there are ways to feel better. For example, your doctor may want you to use an inhaler, do breathing exercises, and learn techniques to help you breathe more easily.